Introduction of  Tenses:

We human beings are gifted with the power of speech, which we use as an ability to speak or articulate our thoughts and views. Speaking is a property of humans by virtue of which they can communicate with others easily. Through speaking we can narrate a story to somebody, we can express our feelings, we can tell somebody about ourselves or we can disclose a scene/situation to somebody. In order to convey our opinion to others, one should get familiar with the various tools of Grammar and various forms of verb, known as Tenses. Tenses explicit time showing the occurrence and completion status of an action at which the statement is made.

If the action has taken place in the past, then PAST TENSE will be used, if any event is happening now, then it will be expressed through PRESENT TENSE and if any event is forthcoming then FUTURE TENSE will be applicable.

Definition of Present Indefinite Tense

The Present Indefinite Tense, commonly known as Basic or Simple Present Tense is used to describe an event that takes place at the moment. It is the fundamental tense in English Grammar which is used to express the true event of the time.

Features of Present Indefinite Tense:

  1. Usually Base/First form of verb or Present Participle is used to explicit the activity/event/action/state taking place.
  2. The completeness of the action is not mentioned in the sentence.
  3. It is used to direct a hobby/a habit/routine work/series of events happening now.
  4. While using Present Indefinite Tense, the person considers the fact was a truth before; it is a truth now and will eventually remain a truth always.

Universal Rules of Present Indefinite Tense:

 

Rule 1: For a Positive Sentence

SUBJECT + VERB (BASE FORM) + S/ES + OBJECT + FULL STOP (.)

 

 

 

Example:

  1. I go to college.
  2. You write letters.
  3. They play hockey.
  4. We climb trees.
  5. Prateek enjoys music.

 

 

 

Rule 2: For a Negative Sentence

SUBJECT + DOES/DO + NOT + VERB (BASE FORM) + OBJECT + FULL STOP (.)

 

 

Example:

  1. I do not go to college.
  2. You do not write letters.
  3. They do not play hockey.
  4. We do not climb trees.
  5. Prateek does not enjoy music.

 

Rule 3: For Interrogative Sentence

DO/DOES + SUBJECT + VERB (FIRST FORM) + OBJECT + QUESTION MARK (?)

 

 

Example:

  1. Do I go to college?
  2. Do you write letters?
  3. Do they play hockey?
  4. Do we climb trees?
  5. Does Prateek enjoy music?

 

Rule 4: For Interrogative and Negative Sentence

DO/DOES + SUBJECT + NOT + VERB (FIRST FORM) + OBJECT + QUESTION MARK (?)

 

 

Example:

  1. Do I not go to college?
  2. Do you not write letters?
  3. Do they not play hockey?
  4. Do we not climb trees?
  5. Does Prateek not enjoy music?

Application of Present nm Indefinite Tense:

Use 1: For recurring events in the present.

Example:

  1. I go by Metro to the office.

 

 

Use 2: For activities or events that will remain a fact always.

Example:

  1. Cow gives milk.

Use 3: Most common usage of Present Indefinite Tense is while narrating a story/sequence of list of events.

Example:

  1. She climbs the wall to see the Diwali Mela.

Use 4: Present Indefinite Tense is used to describe a habit.

Example:

  1. Prateek brushes his teeth daily.

Use 5: For mentioning a present fact, Past Indefinite Tense is applicable.

Example:

  1. The Prime Minister of India lives in Delhi.

Use 6: For expressing the activity which is unique for each person.

Example:

  1. I am 2 years younger to my sister.

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